Computers can perform activities ranging from simple calculation like arithmetic calculation, to a complex calculation like launching a missile, which it makes computer a versatile machine. Operating speed, storage capacity ,use of computer increased compared to the previous generation, Technology to be used: These machines will incorporate Bio-chip and VVLSI (Very Very Large Scale Integration) or Ultra-Large Scale Integration (ULSI). 3. Stay connected with Kullabs. The storage capacity of a computer is measured in Mega Byte, Gega Byte, Tera Byte. Examples of first generation computers are ENIVAC and UNIVAC-1. Features of the fifth generation computers are: Shrestha, R. P., & Manandhar, s. (2014). Assembly language and machines independent language such as COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language) and FORTRAN (Formula Translation) were introduced the size of the computer. Computers can perform activities ranging from simple calculation like arithmetic calculation, to a complex calculation like launching a missile, which it makes a computer a versatile machine. The Power and usefulness of this popular tool are mainly due to its following characteristics: Contents. It can understand information only in terms of 0s and 1s. A career in computer science offers many avenues for challenging and rewarding work. Power consumption was very high and it generated much heat. Take up this computer fundamentals 101 quiz below … Stay connected with Kullabs. Computer printables, Computer worksheets, and more. I, Computer: Definition. For example, most books and magazine are typed on a computer. Punched card, printing devices were used for input/output operations and store the result. A computer is an automatic machine, capable of functioning automatically once they are an appropriate set of instruction and data provided to the computer. Lesson 1 Topic 5 Using a Mouse; 11. You will be surprised to know that computer can perform millions (1,000,000) of instructions and even more per second.. This is called the computer generation. Electrostatic tubes, Parer tape, punch card, magnetic tape. In most cases, the error is because of human factor rather that technology mistake. This is called the computer generation. Technically speaking, the term computer doesnot have a full form. The value of computer lies in the ability to perform quickly and accurately. Science catapult game – Fun game for one or two students to take turns playing. Its principal characteristics are: It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner. The computer will have Artificial Intelligence (AI). People use computers to store large quantities of information. Speed: – As you know computer can work very fast. 1.1 Quick Answer. For example, a super computer can operate at speed measures on nanoseconds and even picosecond. Explain Computer Lab Rules - Discuss the rules of the computer lab, talk about how to sit in the chairs, raising hand to go to the bathroom, taking a buddy with you to the bathroom, washing hands before returning from bathroom. Computer increases the curricular performance of the student. 1.1 Quick Answer. The second generation computer used these semiconductor devices. A digital computers operates on binary digits i.e 0 and 1. 3. Computers are capable of these levels of automation if the instruction is provided correctly. This method can only be done with numbers from 1-10. The computer has main memory and auxiliary memory. The technology used: IC (Integrated Circuit). The computer can perform a complex operation in a short time. There are four main processing steps in a computer: inputting, storage, outputting and processing. Before we talk about different types of computers, let's talk about two things all computers have in common: hardware and software. First grade is that magical time in which your child progresses from simply writing words to becoming a “writer,” and their spelling skills will improve in the meantime. Modern computers can do billions of calculations in a second. They are used in various fields. Gurung, Juddha Bahadur et.al.,Computer Science-XI, Bhundipuran Prakashan,Ktm. Monitor and keyboard were introduced for data input and output respectively. some application area of computers like a business, bank medical diagnosis, science and technology,communication and astronomy, so it is a versatile machine. Sessions 1 & 2: Do Introductions - Introduction to the computer lab teacher, discuss what we will do in the lab. Shrestha, Prachandra Ram, et al. Computer Essential. The invention of microprocessor chip marked the beginning of the fourth generation computers. The first computers were people. Lesson 1 Handouts - Computer Basics: A Computer Internet Course for Older Adults Module 1 - Handouts: Computer Basics! IC is a circuit consisting of a large number of electronic components placed on a single silicon chip by a photo-lithographic process. For example, a difficult and time-consuming task can be done in no time and in an easy way. Lesson 1 Topic 4 Overview of a Keyboard; 10. Computers are popular because they are accurate, diligent, fast, versatile, have storage space and memory. Automatic: A Machine is Set to be automatic. Lesson 1 Topic 3 Using a Computer; 9. As a result, the computer became ever smaller as more components were squeezed on the chip. The computer does not have a brain and cannot decide itself. It was operated on the ' Principle of Thermionic Emission". Lesson 1 Topic 1 The Role of Computers; 7. Semiconductor memory like RAM and ROM were used as primary memory. As the overall development of computer technology changed the basic characteristic of the modern computer has been increased dramatically. Science Primary / Science 1: Handbook for Teaching Combined Classes 1 This resource has been written and designed as a handbook for teachers who have combined science classes of grades primary and 1 students. Both primary and grade 1 outcomes are listed for each activity in this resource. Versatility is the Characteristics of a computer. 1.1 Computer Basics Lesson Plan Prior to Class Student Computer Setup: 1. Natural language will be used to develop programs. The computer is not just adding machines; they are capable of doing complex activities and operations. computers can solve those problems amazingly and quickly. Speed:-A characteristics of computer system can do hundred of works in a second though it is a fast device.Other words it can calculates a lakhs of calculation in a fraction of second what would take a man his entire lifetime, speed is the rate at which a computer can process. In the first generation computer, vacuum tubes as CPU, magnetic drum for data storage , and machines languages were used for giving instruction.The computer of this generation was very large in size called room-sized computers. Natural language will be used to develop programs. Keyboards were used for the input of data. It is important for teachers of combined classes The computer can process a large volume of data. The reason that makes computer storage unique is not that it can store huge amount of data, but the fact that it can retrieve the information that the user wants in a few seconds. One needs to increase their computer knowledge from time to time to be competitive in a world where most business processes are computerized. The computer will have parallel processing in full fledge. Classification on the basis of size. Super computers : The super computers are the most high performing system. 1 Characteristics of Computer. Basic characteristics about computer are: 1. Problem-oriented fourth generation language (4GL) is used to develop the program. The transistor was far more superior in performance on account of their miniature size, smaller power consumption, and heat production rate. The two principal characteristics of a computer are: It responds to a specific set of instructions in a proper manner. Moreover, triangles may vary in the degree of their angles, resulting in a greater variety of shapes. Characteristics. 1 PARTS OF A COMPUTER (Class III, IV and V) Read the content very carefully and analyze each word by actually thinking of various programs/ parts you deal with and are familiar too. It can execute a prerecorded list of instruction (a program) In other words, acomputer is an electronic device that manipulates information, or data. The TV is mostly an With more and more auxiliary storage devices, which are capable of storing huge amounts of the data, the storage capacity of a computer is virtually unlimited. 1 Characteristics of Computer. It includes every relationship which established among the people. When we talk of a 32-bit computer, it means that it's word length is 32 bits. They can be programmed to do complex, tedious and monotonous tasks. Storage capacity and use of computers are increased. On the basis of size. Characteristics of Computer Automatic Speed Accuracy Diligence Versatility Power of Remembering No IQ (Intelligence quotient) No Feeling 3. The computer is important in a variety of ways. Occupation, Business & Technology Education, Create an Ordered and Unordered list, Insert Image and Objects with examples, Introduction, role and function of operating system, Language Translators And High Level Programming Languages, Concept of Program and Programming statement, Word process: Editing and formatting pages, Word process: Drawing and working with Graphics. You can find us in almost every social media platforms. Computer is a versatile machine. Transistors were an improvement over the vacuum tube, but they still generated a great heat, which damaged the computer's sensitive parts. At the center is the CPU. a group of 8 bits is called a byte. The dedication guidance is primarily targeted at computer programs used for design and analysis, but it can be applied to other types of commercially procured non-process computer programs that are classified as safety-related by the dedicating entity. Prepare printed copies of the following: a. Computers can store a huge number of words in a way that make it easy to manipulate them. Computer is an automatic machine, capable of functioning automatically once they are an appropriate set of instruction and data provided to the computer. 1. Word length is the major of the computing power of a computer. High-level programming languages continued to be a developer. The following are the five generations of computers. A computer system is multitasking so that you can do two tasks very easily at the same time. Place shortcuts to the following documents on the student desktop: • Mouse Practice • Keyboarding Practice • File Management Practice 3. Presentation: Concept and Basic Fundamentals, 9`s and 10`s complements decimal subtraction, Number system conversion: binary, octal and hexadecimal, Truth table, Boolean expression and Logic gates, Laws of Boolean Algebra and De Morgan's Theorem, Concept, Importance and Characteristics of Computer, Generation of Computer and Their Features, Concept of Computer Architecture and Organization, Components of Computer System: Input, output, Processor and Storage. Data : Data is a raw material of information. Size, cost, power requirement and heat generation decreased. The accuracy of a computer is very high unless the input is given correctly. Competitive Exams: Computers MCQs (Practice_Test 1 of 21) Doorsteptutor material for IEO is prepared by world's top subject experts: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation - practice your way to success. This method can only be done for small numbers. It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program). It takes only few seconds for calculations that we take hours to complete. Scientist managed to fit many components on a single chip. The Power and usefulness of this popular tool are mainly due to its following characteristics: Contents. Processing speed and storage capacity used of computer increased. It broke, and so became a classroom example. Magnetic disks began to replace magnetic tape for auxiliary and video display terminals were introduced for the output of data. Second generation computer replaced machine language with assembly language, allowing abbreviated programming codes to replace long, difficult binary codes. Kumar Amit. The speed increases, as the power of computer increase. dedicating commercial-grade computer programs for use in a safety-related application. Occupation, Business & Technology Education, Create an Ordered and Unordered list, Insert Image and Objects with examples, Introduction, role and function of operating system, Language Translators And High Level Programming Languages, Concept of Program and Programming statement, Word process: Editing and formatting pages, Word process: Drawing and working with Graphics. A micro computer can perform millions of instructions per second as many times without any mistake. Lesson 1 history of computer (grade 1) 1. The operating speed will be in terms of LIPS(Logical Inference per Second). 1.1.1 Automatic Machine: The computer can be programmed to perform a series of a task involving multiple programs. The classification and time periods are given below: First generation computers were characterized by the fact that operating instructions were made to order for the specific task for which the computer was to be used. A computer can search a huge database to find a specific piece of information. Fourth Generation Computer (1972 onward). The computer will have parallel processing in full fledge. The invention of microprocessor chip marked the beginning of the fourth generation computers. Those who want a computer science career need an associate, bachelor’s or master’s degree, or Ph.D. And it can execute a prerecorded list of instruction (a program). So if wrong input is given, the output also will be wrong- GIGO (Garbage In Garbage Out). The computer was used in census calculation, military, banks and industries. Unlike human beings, a computer is free from tiredness, weakness, lack of concentration and monotony. The aim is to bring machines with genuine IQ, the ability to reason logically and with real knowledge of the word. The beginning of commercial computer age is from UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer). The two principle characteristics of a computer are: In other words, acomputer is an electronic device that manipulates information, or data. Spend time getting to know the students. Advanced, user-friendly, web page software are developed. Uses Of Computer For Grade 1. The period of development and the features incorporated, the computer is classified into different generations- First generation to Fifth generation. For example, a micro computer can perform millions of instructions per second as many times without any mistake. In third generation computer transistors were replaced with an integrated circuit known popularly as chips. Characteristics or Features of Computer. The scientists are working on it still. It responds to a specific set of instructions in a proper manner. The computer never gives the wrong result as long as the input is given correctly. Place shortcuts to the following documents on the student desktop: • Mouse Practice • Keyboarding Practice • File Management Practice 3. The function performed by the computer and the speed of their operations have been changing since the old days to the most modern computer. Sign up and receive the latest tips via email. The number of bits that a computer can process at a time in parallel is called its word length. Characteristic Of Humans Grade 1 - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept.. Transistors were replaced with an integrated circuit known popularly as chips. A transistor transfers electric signals across a resistor. The topics chosen and the order they are placed in were therefore chosen with care and precision to enable the attainment of this goal. Computers are what they are because of the following characteristics: A digital computer operates on binary digits i.e 0 and 1. Operating speed was in terms of a microsecond. It could only perform straight forward simple numerical calculation. It takes only few seconds for calculations that we take hours to complete. Digital : A computer that performs calculations and logical operations with quantities represented as digits, usually in the binary number system of “0” and “1”, “Computer capable of solving problems by processing information expressed in discrete form. Computers are versatile. Machines languages were used to instruct the computer. Its means is that the computer is capable of working in almost every field. Each time a question pops up, select the correct answer and get a chance to shoot at your adversary with the help of your army. Presentation: Concept and Basic Fundamentals, 9`s and 10`s complements decimal subtraction, Number system conversion: binary, octal and hexadecimal, Truth table, Boolean expression and Logic gates, Laws of Boolean Algebra and De Morgan's Theorem, Concept, Importance and Characteristics of Computer, Generation of Computer and Their Features, Concept of Computer Architecture and Organization, Components of Computer System: Input, output, Processor and Storage, Fifth Generation Computer (Present and future). Kathmandu: Asmita's Publication, 2014. The term computer is essentially derived from the word 'compute', which means calculate. Computer is a multi-tasking programmable electronic machine which performs the calculations and processes information with astonishing speed. 2) Speed : Computer can perform data processing jobs very fast, usually measured in microseconds (10-6), nanoseconds (10-9), and picoseconds (10-12). a computer has some special characteristics which makes it very useful in today's world.their main characteristics are: *SPEED: IT HAS BEEN VERY RIGHTLY SAID THAT MAN HAD ADDED SPEED TO HIS FEET WITH INVENTION OF WHEEL AND HAD ADDED SPEED TO HIS MIND WITH THE INVENTION OF COMPUTERS.THE COMPUTER RECEIVES INFORMATION & PROCESSES IT AT TREMENDOUS SPEED. Fifth generation computer was based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and that is still developing process, but not yet a reality i.e this computer is incomplete. The computer provides better and effective way to manage a large amount of information to every individual, organization, business, government and institution. The calculation in the computer is at very high speeds. These computers were highly reliable, relatively expensive and faster. Thus, this computer will be totally different, totally novel and totally new than last four generations of computer. Computers are also important in the publishing industries. The probability of error in the computer is negligible. There can be more than one community in a society. c.) Creating and displaying document and picture. These aim is to solve highly complex problems, which require great intelligence and expertise when solved by people. 2. A single computer can perform multiple tasks such as watching a movie, playing games, listening song and others. Image Courtesy: www.computerhistory.orgThe beginning of commercial computer age is from UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer). Also, the considerations are the architecture, languages, modes of operation, etc. Type: ppt. The example of third generation computers is IBM-360 series, ICL-900 series, and Honeywell 200 series. It has the ability to store, retrieve, and process data. It cannot operate itself, unless, a human command is given. Transistors were replaced by IC in their electronic circuitry. Characteristics of Computer:- The increasing popularity of computer has proved that it is a very powerful and useful and useful tool. This data can be used at any time and also from any location. The computer can perform both computation and logical action at enormous speed. Speed: – As you know computer can work very fast. Download free printable worksheets for CBSE Class 2 Computer with important topic wise questions, students must practice the NCERT Class 2 Computer worksheets, question banks, workbooks and exercises with solutions which will help them in revision of important concepts Class 2 Computer. information stored on a computer is sometimes called a database. Prepare printed copies of the following: a. A binary digit is called a bit. Once the task is initiated on a computer it can proceed continuously. In this generation, the concept of computer networks and CD-ROMs came into existence. A transistor was highly reliable compared to tubes. In this lesson the class develops a preliminary definition of a computer. Here is the flat "motherboard", a little smaller than a 8.5 x 11 piece of paper, that the various components plug in to. The invention of microprocessors led to the development of microcomputer or the personal computer. The two principle characteristics of a computer are: It responds to a specific set of instructions in a proper manner. Awdheshsingh . from manipulation of the combinations of the binary digits, it can perform mathematical calculations, organize and analyze data, control … You can find us in almost every social media platforms. The quartz eliminated this problem. A computer can store large amount of data. 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