Since its introduction into Africa from the Americas, P. manihoti has caused considerable yield losses in parts of Africa, especially Zaire. The mealybug sucks plant sap, causing leaves to distort, fall, and stems to dieback (Photos 1-5). : Encyrtidae). bug (Phenacoccus manihoti Matt, Ferr., Homoptera, Pseudococcidae) was investigated in Congo. Ang Phenacoccus manihoti sakop sa kahenera nga Phenacoccus sa kabanay nga Pseudococcidae. II. Biological control of cassava pests in Africa. Una ning gihulagway ni Matile-ferrero ni adtong 1977. Academic disciplines Business Concepts Crime Culture Economy Education Energy Events Food and drink Geography Government Health Human behavior Humanities Knowledge Law Life Mind Objects Organizations People Philosophy Society Sports Universe World Arts Lists Glossaries. : Pseudococcidae) by Epidinocarsis lopezi (Hym. Cassava mealybug Phenacoccus manihoti. It now occurs over an area of 560 000 km 2, mainly in regions with a dry season of at least 90 days.Within these regions the pest occurs principally in areas having low green‐leaf biomass towards the end of the dry season. Kutu Putih Singkong (Phenacoccus manihoti) 1 J. HPT Tropika. Cassava mealybug spread across the width of Africa in a period of 16 years. ISSN 1411-7525 Vol. Attacks cassava (Manihot esculenta) and other species of Manihot, causing serious damage. Abstract A new distribution map is provided for Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero [Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae] Cassava mealybug. Several predators and parasitoids were collected by CIBC and sent, via quarantine at CIBC London, to IITA. This study confirmed a typical phloem-feeding behaviour with an aphid-like predominance of extracellular pathways of stylets. P. manihoti was finally discovered in 1981 in Paraguay by the Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero, 1977: Espesye sa insekto ang Phenacoccus manihoti. It soon became an important pest, and methods to control it became a topic of interest. Within 15 years of its discovery, it had invaded most of West and Central Africa and was spreading to the East. Widespread. (1990) Exploration for natural enemies of the cassava mealybug, Phenacoccus manihoti (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae), in South America for the biological control of this introduced pest in Africa. Die Einführung resistenter Sorten war nicht erfolgreich, da kaum resistente Sorten identifiziert werden konnten. Beetles described in 1977: Butterflies described in 1977 : Moths described in 1977: … UBI KAYU (Phenacoccus manihoti) DI KLU JURNAL Oleh Nurul Akhidah C1M014162 FAKULTAS PERTANIAN UNIVERSITAS MATARAM 2018 . To support management decisions, this article reports recent distribution records, and estimates the climatic suitability for its regional spread using a CLIMEX … Cassava mealybug, Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero (Hemiptera: Psedococcidae), is a recently introduced pest in Indonesia. "Cassava mealybug" (Phenacoccus manihoti) wurde in den frühen 70er Jahren von Südamerika nach Afrika eingeschleppt und verbreitete sich dort rasant. Unedited version published online on 10/11/2020 3 CASSAVA, also called tapioca (Manihot esculenta Crantz), is an important industrial crop native to North-East Brazil. Response of parasitoids to invasive pest Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on cassava crop in Bali, Indonesia I WAYAN SUPARTHA, I KADEK WISMA YUDHA, PUTU ANGGA WIRADANA, I WAYAN SUSILA PDF Phenotypic plasticity of eddoe and dasheen taro genotypes in response to saturated water and dryland cultivations CARECA SEPDIHAN RAHMAT HIDAYATULLAH, … Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero Hoàng Hữu Tình1, *, Trần Đăng Hòa1, Ngô Đắc Chứng2 1Trường Đ ại học Nông Lâm, Đ c Hu ế, 102 Phùng Hưng, Hu, Việt Nam 2 Trường Đ ại học SưPh m, Đ c Hu ế, 34 Lê Lợi, Hu , Viet Nam It has not yet been recorded in the Pacific islands, including Papua New Guinea. Sustained biological control of the cassava mealybug Phenacoccus manihoti (Hom. Abstract. Entomophaga 35:515–526 CrossRef Google Scholar. Herren, H. R., and P. Neuenschwander. Google Scholar. Der Schädling kann grosse Schäden am Blätterwerk verursachen und zu Ernteverlusten führen. Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), one of the most serious pests of cassava worldwide, has recently reached Asia, raising significant concern over its potential spread throughout the region. In the Americas, outbreaks of P. herreni have been reported from several areas of Brazil, Colombia, and the Guianas. The cassava pink mealybug (Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero) is an invasive sepcies and become a serious insect pests on cassava in Vietnam. Entomophaga 35: 515–526. Overview; Distribution; Host plants; Categorization → Tools Save list as excel file Save list as csv file. Phenacoccus manihoti was first discovered in Zaire in 1973 and spread into almost all other cassava growing areas of the continent. Kutu berbulu dan berwarna putih ini tubuhnya … Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a root crop that serves as a major energy source for 300–500 million people in approximately 90 countries in tropical regions of the world (Bellotti & Schoonhoven, 1985). Phenacoccus manihoti and its introduced parasitoid Anagyrus lopezi in parts of Indonesia. The estimated losses caused by this species and another explosive pest, cassava green spider mites, Mononychellus spp., were estimated at $2.0 billion per year, and the pests affected an area about 5.5 million ha. gossypii, and ~. Crop.Agro.Vol_No_2018 Page 2 ARTIKEL UNTUK JURNAL KARAKTERISASI PARASITOID YANG BERASOSIASI DENGAN HAMA KUTU PUTIH UBI KAYU (Phenacoccus manihoti) DI KLU Characterization of Parasitoids that Associated with Cassava Pink Mealybug (Phenacoccus manihoti… En Tunisie, Phenacoccus madeirensis Green, 1923 (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) a été identifié pour la première fois en août 2013 dans la région d'Akouda (Sousse, région côtière de la Tunisie) sur Cestrum nocturnum (Solanaceae). herrene, ~. Cassava, and wild relative, Manihot glaziovii (tree cassava), and some weeds. 1: 1 – 8, Maret 2017 KUTU PUTIH SINGKONG, PHENACOCCUS MANIHOTI MATILE-FERRERO (HEMIPTERA: PSEUDOCOCCIDAE): PERSEBARAN GEOGRAFI DI PULAU JAAW DAN RINTISAN PENGENDALIAN HAYATI Budi Abduchalek1, Aunu Rauf2, & Pudjianto2 1 Balai Pengkajian Teknologi … Categorization. J Appl Ecol 25:921–940 CrossRef Google Scholar. However, the knowledge of biological characteristics of the cassava pink mealybugs on different cassava varieties are still limited. Annual Review of Entomology 36: 257–283. Bulletin of Entomological Research 80, 417 – 425. Google Scholar. In the early 1970s, the cassava mealybug P. manihoti was accidentally introduced to Africa. Lopes, E.B. So far, Phenacoccis manihoti (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) has been reared mainly with cassava. : Encyrtidae). wide spread of the cassava mealybug, Phenacoccus manihoti (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) caused sub-stantial cassava productivity losses in Thailand and neighboring countries. Cassava mealybug, Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), is an invasive pest detected for the first time in Indonesia in 2010. Hammond WNO, Neuenschwander P (1990) Sustained biological control of the cassava mealybug Phenacoccus manihoti (Hom. Phenacoccus manihoti. Neuenschwander, P. 1996. Biodiversitas 20: 3751-3757. Distribution. grenadensis. Symptoms & Life Cycle. The accidental introductions of two cassava pests from South America (the cassava mealybug, Phenacoccus manihoti, and the cassava green mite, Mononychellus tanajoa) have resulted in serious losses in cassava production as neither of these pests faced the competition and parasitoids of their native range. : Pseudococcidae) by Epidinocarsis lopezi (Hym. Both pest species spread rapidly throughout the cassava belt in Africa, causing … L'infestation a été observée sur les feuilles, les tiges et même sur le collet. Parasitoid Anagyrus lopezi (De Santis) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) was imported to control the pest. Hosts. To establish an integrated pest management program, information about the biology of pest species is basic. species identified on cassava in the Americas include Phenacoccus manihoti, ~. Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), one of the most serious pests of cassava worldwide, has recently reached Asia, raising significant concern over its potential spread throughout the region. Phenacoccus manihoti. Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero (Pseudococcidae), the Cassava Mealybug. 1991. Abduchalek et al. The feeding behaviour of cassava mealybug (Phenacoccus manihoti) was analysed by the electrical penetration graph technique (EPG, DC-system) and by light microscopy. To explore alternative host plant for rearing of P. manihoti and its parasitoid Anagyrus lopezi De Santis (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), we examined suitability of taro Colocasia esculenta (L.) (Alismatales: Araceae) for rearing them in the laboratory, which was compared with that of cassava seedling. Herren HR, Neuenschwander P (1991) Biological … Field biology of the cassava mealybug, Phenacoccus manihoti, and Its natural enemies in Zaire - Volume 8 Issue 4-5-6 - R. D. Hennessey, T. Muaka Keywords: Phenacoccus manihoti, invasive, monitoring, damage, biological control . Phenacoccus manihoti ini belum terdeteksi di Pulau Lombok begitu pula musuh alaminya sehingga perlu dilakukan penelitian untuk mendapatkan informasi mengenai keranekaragaman populasi inang hama Phenacoccus manihoti dan karakteristik serangga predator hama Phenacoccus manihoti serta populasinya mengingat keberadaannya sebagai hama penting utama di Indonesia pada tanaman ubi … Tawon-tawon kecil ini disebar di Indonesia, di mana hama kutu Phenacoccus Manihoti masih mengancam. 17, No. Although the biological control of this mealybug using natural predators has been established, resistance breeding remains an important means of control. Asia, Africa, South America. 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